Located on the eastern edge of Eastern Europe. It has a border with Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south. (Turkey is south of the Black Sea)
603,700km2 (approximately 1.6 times of Japan)
About 42 million
Ukrainians 77.8%, Russians 17.8%, Belaruss 0.6%, Moldova 0.5%, others
Ukrainian, Russian, etc.
Ukrainian Orthodox Christianity and Ukrainian Eastern Catholicism, etc.
Ukrainian embroidery, Ukrainian cuisine, Ukrainian style architecture, etc.
From 2018, 11 years of secondary education will be replaced by 12 years of secondary education. In 2000/2001, 70% studied at Ukrainian language schools and 29% studied at Russian language schools. In 2017, the Education Law was enacted and the language of instruction was set to Ukrainian.
1853 Crimean War
1914-18 World War I (Ukrainian Civil War)
1919 Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic established
1922 Soviet Union established
1930s- Stalin's Great Purge, Forced Immigration
1932-33 Holodomor (Great Famine Genoside)
1939-45 World War II (Ukraine is said to have been the most fierce battlefield)
1954 Transfer of Crimea to Ukraine
1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident
1991 Independence from the Soviet Union, removal of "Socialist Soviet" from the country name, collapse of the Soviet Union
2004 Orange revolution
2005 Russia-Ukraine gas dispute begins
2014 Euromaidan mayhem (Maidan revolution), Crimean crisis (Russia's transfer of Crimea Sevastopol)
The eastern Ukraine conflict begins (Donetsk, Luhansk), Malaysia Airlines shot down, Minsk agreement
2015 Minsk Agreement 2
With the adoption of the Constitution in 1996, it became a semi-presidency republic.
$ 3,095 (2018)
Agriculture and industry have been the main industries since the Soviet era. The second poorest country in Europe after Moldova in 2017. IT industry has developed since around 2015.
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