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Ukraine Information

We are researching local information about Ukraine. Ukraine is a country located east of Eastern Europe. We will feature information that you may want to know when you enter Ukraine.

Ukraine Information

Location

Located on the eastern edge of Eastern Europe. It has a border with Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south. (Turkey is south of the Black Sea)

Land

603,700km2 (approximately 1.6 times of Japan)

Capital (approximate population)

Kyiv (2.8 million)

Business related cities other than Kyiv (approximate population)

Odessa (1.01 million), Rivne (250,000), Lviv (730,000), Kharkiv (1.4 million), Dnipro (1 million), Cherkasy (290,000), Zhytomyr (280,000), Khmelnytski (270,000), Ternopil ( 200,000)

Population

About 42 million

Ethnic Groups

Ukrainians 77.8%, Russians 17.8%, Belaruss 0.6%, Moldova 0.5%, others

Language

Ukrainian, Russian, etc.

Religion

Ukrainian Orthodox Christianity and Ukrainian Eastern Catholicism, etc.

Culture

Ukrainian embroidery, Ukrainian cuisine, Ukrainian style architecture, etc.

Education

From 2018, 11 years of secondary education will be replaced by 12 years of secondary education. In 2000/2001, 70% studied at Ukrainian language schools and 29% studied at Russian language schools. In 2017, the Education Law was enacted and the language of instruction was set to Ukrainian.

Outline of modern history in Ukraine

1853 Crimean War
1914-18 World War I (Ukrainian Civil War)
1919 Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic established
1922 Soviet Union established
1930s- Stalin's Great Purge, Forced Immigration
1932-33 Holodomor (Great Famine Genoside)
1939-45 World War II (Ukraine is said to have been the most fierce battlefield)
1954 Transfer of Crimea to Ukraine
1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident
1991 Independence from the Soviet Union, removal of "Socialist Soviet" from the country name, collapse of the Soviet Union
2004 Orange revolution
2005 Russia-Ukraine gas dispute begins
2014 Euromaidan mayhem (Maidan revolution), Crimean crisis (Russia's transfer of Crimea Sevastopol)
The eastern Ukraine conflict begins (Donetsk, Luhansk), Malaysia Airlines shot down, Minsk agreement
2015 Minsk Agreement 2

Politics

With the adoption of the Constitution in 1996, it became a semi-presidency republic.

GDP per capita

$ 3,095 (2018)

Economy

Agriculture and industry have been the main industries since the Soviet era. The second poorest country in Europe after Moldova in 2017. IT industry has developed since around 2015.

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