An East Asian island. There are People's Republic of China in the northwest, Japan in the northeast, and the Philippines in the south.
About 23.78 million
95% Han, 2% Malay and Polynesian, 2% other
Taiwanese, Hakka, Hokkien, Mandarin, etc.
35.1% Buddhism, 33.0% Taoism, 18.7% Non-religion, 3.9% Christianity, Other 9.3%
It is a mixture of Confucianism, Taoism and other Chinese and Japanese cultures and, in recent years, the values of Western cultures.
Higher education was established during the Japanese rule. After the Republic of China took over in 1945, it was replaced by an education system essentially equivalent to that of mainland China. Taiwan emphasizes education and is known for its high level of education.
1895-1945 Taiwan ruled by Japan (from Sino-Japanese War until World War II)
1949 Declaration of martial law in Taiwan, Republic of China makes Taipei "temporary capital"
1971 UN approves the People's Republic of China as the only UN representative in China (Republic of China withdraws from the UN)
1987 Martial law lifted
The People's Republic of China argues that the current politics of the Taiwanese authorities (Republic of China) is illegal. Many people living in Taiwan want to maintain the status quo.
$ 24,828 (2019)
Taiwan, along with Hong Kong, Korea and Singapore, is considered one of the "4 Asian Tigers".
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