It is a country occupying the eastern Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. To the east lies Finland, the Gulf of Bosnia and the Baltic Sea, and to the north and west borders Norway. It is connected to Denmark by a bridge and a tunnel through the Oresund Strait. It borders Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia (enclave), Poland, Germany and Denmark at sea.
Approx. 450,000 km2 (approximately 1.2 times that of Japan)
Approximately 10.33 million
No racial statistics.
Swedish is the official language. Other Finnish, Meankieli, Sami, Romani, Yiddish etc.
About 60% are the Church of Sweden and about 9% are other religions.
Active in literature, painting, sculpture, film, music, etc.
9 years compulsory education, 3 years higher education, 4 years university education.
1809 Constitutional monarchy established
1814 Kiel peace treaty signed, Norway and Sweden united
1905 Norway separated 1914 Neutral in World War I
1920 Member of the League of Nations
1939-45 Second World War
1946 Member of the United Nations
1952 Become a founding member of the Nordic Council
1995 EU membership
A constitutional monarchy, the head of state performs only ceremonial and representative duties. The legislature is a unicameral congress called a Riksdag. Operation is performed by the government, and its chief executive is the Prime Minister. The judiciary is independent of Riksdag and the executive branch.
$ 51,242 (2019)
It is one of the richest countries in the top 20 in the world, and its people maintain a high standard of living. Strong in export industries such as iron ore, wood, telecommunications, technology, pharmaceuticals and weapons.
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