It is a sea-bound country with about five-sixths of the island of Ireland, and has the only land border with Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
About 70,000 km2
Approximately 4.92 million
82.2% White Irish, 9.5% Other whites, 2.6% Not listed, etc.
Irish and English are official languages.
78.3% Roman Catholic, 10.1% No religion, 4.2% Protestant, 7.4% Other
One of the major Celtic countries, influenced by Scotland and England. He has produced many prominent figures in art, music and science.
There are 9 years of compulsory education, 3 years of secondary education (high school education), and university education. All primary, secondary and higher (college/unigersity) education is free in Ireland for all EU citizens.
1801 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland established
1914-18 World War I
1916 Easter Rising
1919-21 Independence War against Britain
1922 Ratified the British-Irish Treaty and became an Irish Free State in the Commonwealth.
1939-45 Second World War
1949 Leaves British Commonwealth and becomes Republic of Ireland
1973 Join the European Economic Community (EEC)
2002 Euro as home currency
A constitutional republic that introduced a parliamentary system. Parliament, the legislature, is bicameral. The president serves as head of state. The administrative duties are performed by the Prime Minister. The judiciary consists of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the High Court, the Circuit Court, and the District Court, all of which apply Irish law and hear both civil and criminal cases.
$ 77,771 (2018)
It is an open economy that is small in the EU but highly dependent on trade. It is known as a country with a large per capita GNP.
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