It is a Nordic country bordering Russia to the east, Sweden to the west, and northern Norway to the north. The Gulf of Bosnia to the west, the Baltic Sea to the southwest, and Estonia across the Gulf of Finland to the south.
338,000 km2 (slightly smaller than Japan)
About 5.5 million
Finnish 91%, Non-Finnish European 5%, Asian 2.5%, Other 1.5%
Finnish and Swedish are the official languages. Other Russian, Estonian, Arabic, etc.
Evangelical Lutheran Church, Orthodox Church and other Christians in Finland account for about 72%. About 27% do not belong to religion.
Active in literature, visual arts, architecture, music, movies, etc.
It is known for having few private schools and a high degree in university degrees.
1809 Sweden transfers Finland to Russia
1917 Independence from Russia, Republic of Finland established
1939 Winter war
1941-44 Continuation war
1944-45 Lapland war
1948 Signed a treaty with the USSR
1955 United Nations Membership
1995 EU membership
2002 Euro introduction
A presidential republic within the framework of parliamentary democracy. Judiciary is independent of government and legislative bodies.
$ 46,559 (2018)
It has the same productivity per capita as France, Germany, Belgium and the UK.
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