Canada occupies most of the northern continent of North America, borders the United States mainland to the south, and the state of Alaska to the west. North is the Arctic Ocean, and northeast is Greenland across the sea.
About 9.98 million km2
Approximately 37.9 million
Canadian 32%, English 18%, Scottish 14%, French 14%, Irish 13%, German 10%, Chinese 5%, Italian 5%, Indigenous 4%, Indian 4%, Ukrainians 4%
English and French are official languages. Other Chinese, Punjabi, Spanish, Tagalog etc.
Christianity 67%, Islam 3.2%, etc.
Has a diverse culture where various ethnic groups gather.
Most places in Canada offer both English and French education. It is one of the most educated countries in the world.
1867 Four states merged into Canadian territory under British North America Act
1870-73 Manitoba, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island join Canada
1905 Alberta and Saskatchewan join Canadian provinces
1914-18 Fight on the British and French side in World War I 1939-45 During World War II, Canadian troops operate in Italy, Europe, the Atlantic, and more
1947 Canada is declared equivalent to the United Kingdom in the Commonwealth
1950- Join the Korean War
1965 New Canadian flag adopted
1982 Final legal authority transferred from UK
1991 Gulf War participation
1992 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) passed
A constitutional monarchy that introduced a parliamentary system. The Canadian monarch is the same as the British monarch. Parliament, the legislature, is bicameral. In effect, the elected Prime Minister and the Cabinet perform government affairs. The judiciary has the power to override Congressional conduct that violates the Constitution.
$ 46,213 (2019)
It is the 10th largest economy in the world. While the service and manufacturing industries are evolving, the forestry and petroleum industries are also important for the country.
|North America||United States of America|