It is located on the smallest continent in the world, surrounded by the South Pacific and Indian Oceans. To the east is New Zealand across the Tasman Sea. To the north are the Coral Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Timor Sea, and beyond them lies Asia.
About 7.69 million km2
Approximately 25.65 million
The majority are immigrants from Europe, such as Anglo-Saxon. Others include the Middle East, Asia and indigenous peoples.
English is the de facto official language. Other Chinese, Arabic, Vietnamese, Italian etc.
52% Christian, 2.6% Islam, etc.
It is influenced by American and Asian cultures, with a focus on native Australian culture and British Celtic culture brought on by immigrants.
The education system varies from state to state, but generally requires compulsory education up to the age of 16, after which you will need to go on to higher education or get vocational training. It is known as a country with a large number of universities and a high percentage of international students.
1829 Western Australia colony established in Perth
1836 South Australia established with Adelaide as capital
1850s Gold rush, Chinese influx and immigration restrictions, Aboriginal persecution
1901 Australian Federation established
1911 Canberra is established and becomes the capital
1914-18 Fight along with the British and French sides in World War I 1929 Great Depression
1939-45 Second World War. Declare war on Nazi Germany. Combats Japan with the Allied Forces in the Pacific War.
1950- Join the Korean War
1965- Participate in the Vietnam War
1986 Australia Act (complete independence from UK Parliament and legal system)
Constitutional monarchy. It maintains liberal democracy and federalism with a long-standing written constitution. The Australian monarch is the same as the British monarch. In fact, the governor of the Commonwealth of Australia will act on your behalf. Parliament, the legislature, is bicameral. In the parliamentary cabinet system, ministers selected from parliament are involved in administration. The judiciary is independent of the legislature and the executive branch and has different jurisdictions in different states.
$ 53,825 (2019)
It is a wealthy country with a relatively low poverty rate and high per capita GDP.
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